The Science Behind It

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The TRUTH About Instinct & How Geo-Sniffing Is 10X Enriching!

a Rustic looking metalic dog alarm clock. Steam punk inspiration

Tell Time

Dogs can associate the passage of time through scent when paired with a routine. For example, if you typically come home after 8 hours of work, your fading scent at home signals to the dog that it’s nearing the time you usually return. This association helps them anticipate your arrival based on familiar scent patterns.

Stronger Scents Mean Something: On days you get home early your dog is most likely going to start whining for dinner early. This is because they associate the presence of your stronger scent to mean mealtime.
dog finding a panda during a forest fire

Wild Life Rescue

Dogs can help find endangered animals

Whale Feces: Conservationists train dogs to detect whale feces in oceans to study the diet and health of whale populations.
Pandas During Forest Fires: Dogs have been trained to detect the scent of pandas during forest fires, helping conservationists locate and rescue these endangered animals in
Turtle Nests: Conservationists use dogs to locate turtle nests on beaches, ensuring the protection of endangered species.emergency situations.
Rhinos: Dogs are used to track rhino horn scent, helping to combat illegal poaching and monitor rhino populations in Africa and Asia.
archeological artifact submerged in river

Underwater Skills

They can detect underwater scents by exhaling air through their nostrils in small bubbles, allowing them to smell even while submerged.

Human Remains: Dogs are trained to detect human remains underwater, aiding in search and rescue missions or forensic investigations.

Submerged Objects: Dogs can locate submerged objects, such as weapons, explosives, or vehicles, in water bodies.

Aquatic Species: Dogs can detect the scent of aquatic species like fish or turtles, helping in wildlife monitoring and conservation efforts.

Pollutants: Dogs are trained to detect pollutants or chemicals in water sources, aiding in environmental monitoring and cleanup operations.

Underwater Pipelines: Dogs can locate underwater pipelines or cables by detecting the scent of disturbed sediments or materials.

Contraband: Dogs are used to detect contraband items, such as drugs or smuggled goods, concealed underwater.

Historical Artifacts: Archaeological dogs can locate submerged historical artifacts, contributing to underwater archaeology and cultural heritage preservation.

a dogs nose print

Nose Print

Each dog’s nose print is as unique as a human fingerprint. The ridges and patterns on a dog’s nose are distinctive and can be used to differentiate between individual dogs.

A dog’s nose print remains unchanged throughout its life, unlike physical characteristics such as coat color or markings which can change over time. This makes nose prints a reliable form of identification for dogs.

an Olympic pool with a teaspoon over it.

Dilution Level

They can detect half a teaspoon of scent in an Olympic sized pool

Dogs can detect substances at concentrations of one part per trillion. This allows them to detect scents that are diluted to 1 or 2 parts per billion.

a dog pawing at something


Dogs exhibit various alert behaviors to communicate that they have identified a scent they have been trained to detect. This is especially important in bomb detection as the handler does not want them to interact with the smell. 

Freezing: The dog may freeze in place and stare at the source of the scent, maintaining a rigid posture to indicate detection.

Sitting: Some dogs are trained to sit down when they detect the target scent, signaling to their handler that they have found what they were searching for.

Down or Lie Down: Dogs may lie down or drop to a lower position to indicate that they have detected the scent, especially in situations where they need to remain inconspicuous or avoid disturbing the area.

Pointing: Certain breeds, such as pointers, may naturally point with their nose and body towards the source of the scent, indicating its location.

Barking or Vocalizing: Dogs may bark, whine, or make other vocalizations to alert their handler to the presence of the target scent.

Nose or Paw Touch: Some dogs are trained to touch their nose or paw to the source of the scent or a specific location to indicate detection.

Retrieving: In scent detection tasks involving objects, dogs may retrieve the item that carries the target scent and bring it to their handler.

dog sniffing the air with air particles going to his nose

Sniffing Rate

When actively sniffing, dogs can take in up to 300 breaths per minute, which enhances their ability to gather scent information quickly.

Dogs have a special structure in their noses that allows them to breathe and smell at the same time, enhancing their ability to detect scents continuously.

human brain compared to do brain. Dogs have 300 million humans have 6 million olfactory

Brain Size

Their is a part of a dog’s brain that is dedicated to analyzing smells is, proportionally, 40 times greater than that of a human

Dogs have about 300 million olfactory receptors in their noses, compared to about 6 million in humans.

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